Monday, 18 February 2013

People of Hutton Rudby in the C18/19: Barker to Blacksmiths

... from my working notes ... accuracy not guaranteed ... for explanatory note, see post of 14 Feb 2013


Yorkshire Poll Book 1807:  Ayton:  Mark Barker 

Mark Barker benefited under the Will of Thomas Wayne of Angrove Hall (1727-1806). 

EB 102:  11 & 13 May 1816:  Hutton manor & mill:  assignmt to Barker

EX 146:  26 & 27 Nov 1823:  Hutton manor, mill and [Manor House] farm

FQ 249:  13 & 14 Mar 1829:  exors of Wayne to Barker:  the Carpenters Arms with the cartwrights shop and stable on the west end thereof, the garden and the privy on the south & backside of the premises, bounded by road to East Rounton to E, by Mrs Elizabeth Hildreth to W & S, by road to East Rounton, John Robinson and Mr Farnaby to N – occ by Edward Meynell;  the garth occ by Edward Meynell, bounded by Elizabeth Hildreth to E, by John Burdon to W, by Thomas Passman, Elizabeth Hildreth, Mr Kendall & William Spence to N, by road to East Rounton to S; the site where buildings lately occupied by John & Hannah Kay & taken down by Mark Barker stood; the garth now used as garden ground to the E & backside of the sd site;  the new houses built by Mark Barker on the site and part of the garth: some of the houses and the garden ground “at present unoccupied”, the others occupied by Robert Hall, William Souter, George Sanderson, John Kay, Mary Lamb, Jackson Richardson, John Wild and Thomas Shaw:  bounded by house & lands bel to Rev Richard Shepherd to E & S, by Arthur Douglas and townstreet to N & W

FT 30:  12 & 13 May 1830:  East Side:  John Kay of Hutton cartwright & others to Mark Barker & trustees:  house heretofore used as a coachhouse & formerly occ by James Ingledew, Mary Collyerson & Diana Swales, then by Elizabeth Farnaby, then by Charles Hall, then by Hannah Best, & now by Matthew Garbutt:  bounded by street to E, Mark Barker to W & S, Arthur Douglas to N

FU 487:  16 May 1832:  South Side, tithe map 194-6:  John Passman of Hutton yeoman (1) James Robinson of Whorlton yeoman (2) Robert Pulman of Stockton gent [solicitor] (3):  building with cowhouse & premises adjoining, and garth of 2r adjoining to the N:  bounded by Jane Farnaby to E, by Mrs Hildreth to W, by street to N, by Mark Barker to S:  occ by John Passman & James Harrison & Mary Kingston;  and the house with garden adjoining, bounded by street to E & N, and by above prems to W & S

1805:  4 Oct:  murder of Margaret Barker:  a spinster of Hutton Rudby aged about 46, who made a living for herself and her aged parents by travelling in the neighbourhood with housewife cloth for sail, she was staying at the house of Thomas Wilson, journeyman smith, in Stockton, when he murdered her in the night, apparently in mistake for his stepdaughter

1823 Baines:  Hutton:  Joseph Barker, farmer & gamekeeper

Mark Barker leased the site of the National Schoolhouse to the trustees for 5/- p.a [Lease for 999 years 10 Mar 1836]
Mark Barker made his Will on 18 Aug 1838, and was bur 24 Jan 1839 a72 at Stokesley [NBI Beryl] [HR Wills]

Tithe Map:  Edward Meynell occupied the Carpenters Arms, owned by Mark Barker
Tithe Map:  William Meynell and others occupied Barkers Row
Tithe Map:  Mark Barker owned Manor House farm, occupied by James Longstaff

Mark Barker named Edward Meynell the younger, weaver, and William Passman farmer of Carlton as his executors;  Meynell renounced probate.

1841 Census:  William Barker 75 linen weaver and Margaret Barker 30 linen weaver, South Side
1841 Census:  Mary Barker 30 and children, South Side
1841 Census:  Thomas Barker 40 linen weaver and Jane 35, South Side
1841 Census:  Butter Hill:  Dorothy Barker 75 in household of John Garfat

1851 Census:  North End:  Thomas Barker 53 hand loom weaver linen, b Hutton, Jane 50 b Liverton, niece Elizabeth Barker 12 house servant and uncle William Whorlton single 80 hand loom weaver linen, both b Hutton

1859 Whellan:  Hutton Rudby:  Mr Mark Barker is Lord of the Manor and resides in the Manor House, a small farmhouse, situated about a mile west of Hutton
1872 Post Office Directory:  Hutton Rudby:  William Barker, butter dealer


Service held 10.30 am; sacrament 6 times a year; visits sick; catechises children [Arch:Vis: 1849, 1857]
Services held 10.30 am and 6 pm; sacraments 6 times a year; catechises children; visits sick [Arch: Vis: 1861, 1865]
Services held at the chapels alternate afternoons at 2.30 pm [cf Arch: Vis: 1865, 1868]
Catechised the children during the week, having no time on Sundays [Arch: Vis: 1865]
Took a curate for the third service [Arch: Vis: 1871]
Mary Sophia Barlow was born c1795 and died aged 78 on 7 Sep 1873
Isabella Catherine Barlow was born c1799 and died aged 75 on 7 Mar 1874

‘The Cleveland Repertory’ 1 Sep 1843:
“Public Meetings
On Monday, the 21st inst. the Cleveland District Committee of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts held their fifth anniversary in the Great Room of the Mill (late Blackett’s).  The Earl of Zetland, president of the society, took the chair a little after one o’clock, when we observed among the company – Sir Wm Foulis, Bart., Henry Vansittart, Esq. J Wilson, Esq. the Revs. Charlton Lane, F Lipscomb, C Cator, T Cator, R J Barlow, J Ibbetson, T Todd, B Wake, - Metcalfe; Messrs G Grenside, G T Hutchinson, [?] Sowerby, Thomas Simpson, W Braithwaite, and a large company, although we have seen a greater number assembled.  In the evening a public meeting was held, which was more numerously attended.  The gross amount collected was £17.12s.5d.”   [some words obliterated by scribbling]

‘Stokesley News & Cleveland Reporter’ and ‘The Cleveland Repertory’ 1 Nov 1843: 
Langbaurgh Court:  The Court Baron of George Marwood, Esquire, chief Bailiff of the Liberty of Langbaurgh, was held at the court Room, in Stokesley, on Tuesday, the 24th, day of October last, before John Page Sowerby, Esq., the Steward, and a respectable Jury, when the following cases were heard.
Hebron v Robinson
Mr Appleton was for the Plaintiff, and Mr Collins for the Defendant
William Hebron, of Hutton, Cartwright, was the Plaintiff, and William Robinson, of the same place, Farmer, the Defendant.  The action was brought to recover 39s 11d for work performed by the Plaintiff in the spring of 1837, upon a farm occupied by the Defendant under the Rev R J Barlow.  Verdict for Defendant.

‘The Cleveland Repertory’ 1 Jun 1844:
Marriage:  On Sunday the 12th ult, at Rudby Church, by the Rev R J Barlow, Mr Wm Wood of Hutton, to Mrs Jane Bulmer, of the same place

‘The Cleveland Repertory’ 1 May 1845 and 1 Oct 1845 report meetings of the SPG, but Mr Barlow is not mentioned and no apologies are given for him

Jun 1866:  Mr Barlow gave £2 to the subscription for Thomas Garbutt


Yorkshire Poll Book 1807:  Hutton Rudby:  Jasper Barugh yeoman (freehold in Dishforth)

1823 Baines:  Rudby:  Jasper Barugh, farmer
FS 461:  2 & 3 Feb 1831:  Jasper Barugh had been a tenant of Rudby estate
FS 461:  2 & 3 Feb 1831:  Carr House Farm:  occ by Jasper Barugh at £244 p.a

1840 Whites:  Rudby:  Eliz Barugh & Sons, farmers
1841 Census:  Rudby Carr House:  Elizabeth Barough 70 farmer, William 25, Alice 10, Robert 9, with John Holburn 19 born out of county, and William May 18, Thomas Walker 16, Jane Wieal 20 and Jane Ward 15

1851 Census:  Carr House, Rudby:  Elizabeth W 78 farmer 219a bNeasham, Jasper M 50 farm manager bRudby, granddaughter Alice S 23 assistant b Gt Stainton, and grandson Robert 19 ag lab bRuby

1861 Census:  Carr House, Rudby:  William Barugh

17 Nov 1856:  William Barugh farmer bought ppty at the north end of East Side; he had occupied the house and garden or orchard behind it:  it was sold by his executors [East Side deeds]

Jun 1866:  William Barugh, Seamer, gave £5 to the subscription for Thomas Garbutt

1868:  “Matrimonial projects will now the minds fill / Of friend Billy Barugh and of Bachelor Will”  [verses by E J Wilson:  ‘Letters to a Miller’s Daughter’]

1872 Post Office Directory:  Hutton Rudby:  William Barugh

22 Jun 1876:  death of William Barugh, farmer of Rudby, gentleman.  Will dated 1 May 1872, proved 4 Oct 1876.  Exors:  Jasper Barugh, bank manager Stockton, and Robert Barugh jnr merchant’s clerk Middlesbrough [East Side deeds]


Mary Batty is in a list of names in the Middleton Book
Hanna Batty is in a list of names in the Middleton Book
Nanny Batty is in a list of names in the Middleton Book
[blank] Batty is in a List of Girls – Middleton Book
R Batty was in A List of Boys – Middleton Book

1841 Census:  John Batty 55 weaver, Ann50 and Elizabeth 13 on East Side
1841 Census:  Edward Batty 17 servant at Windy Hill (Brigham)

1851 Census:  Castle Yard:  John Batty 68 handloom weaver linen b Hutton and Ann 65 b Scotland

20 Nov 1855:  Eland to Codling:  the garth on North Side of 1a 2r 28p with the 6 messuages formerly in 3 tenements with barn, cowhouse & carpenter’s shop occ by Thomas Milestone, - Kearsley, George Snary, Nicholas Jackson, John Mudd, Robert Batty and James Eland


1872 Post Office Directory:  Skutterskelfe:  William Beardshaw, farmer


Rachel Benson “my Servt” bought “exhor.on to” for 1d in List and a prayerbook for 10d – Middleton Book

Rev Isaac Benson of Acklam bought property on East Side 1845, 1846 & 1847, including the Wheatsheaf:  he conveyed it to his son in 1851, and it was sold to Elizabeth Raney in 1873 [East Side deeds] 


It appears that Martin Best had married Hannah Kidd in Norwich in 1802.  They arrived in Hutton Rudby with several children – Maria, for example, was baptised at the age of 3 months at the C of E chapelry at Heworth, Co Durham.  In Hutton Rudby their daughter Margaret was baptised in Jan 1817 – Martin was then described as a labourer.  In Sep 1818 Ann was baptised, and by then Martin was working as a papermaker. 
In January 1819 Martin died at the age of 38.  Eleven year old Harriet, buried in March, may have been their daughter. 
Four years later Hannah gave birth to a son, William, who died aged 8 in 1831. 

Hannah Best was a former occupant of property, once used as a coachhouse, sold by Kay and Colebeck to Mark Barker in 1830

FT 30:  12 & 13 May 1830:  East Side:  John Kay of Hutton cartwright & others to Mark Barker & trustees:  house heretofore used as a coachhouse & formerly occ by James Ingledew, Mary Collyerson & Diana Swales, then by Elizabeth Farnaby, then by Charles Hall, then by Hannah Best, & now by Matthew Garbutt:  bounded by street to E, Mark Barker to W & S, Arthur Douglas to N

The Goldsbrough trial:
late July 1830:  Hannah Best, widow, who had moved to Stockton in May 1841, used to wash for Goldsbrough and put his children to bed
early Aug 1830:  Maria Best, wife of Thomas Richardson, gave evidence in 1842 that she saw Goldsbrough with Huntley’s clothes
early Aug 1830:  Elizabeth (Best) Shaw, Maria’s sister, went to Goldsbrough’s house after hearing of Huntley’s disappearance, and found him “sitting by the fire reading.  I said – “’Dear me you’ve a very large fire on for summer time”.  Elizabeth admitted she had been in jail on a charge of stealing geese and had two children born before marriage. 
[Yorkshire Gazette 12 Mar 1842]

“little Best” is in a list of names in the Middleton Book
Jas Best [Elizabeth’s son]  was in A List of Boys – Middleton Book

1841 Census:  Jane Best 25 ag lab, Hannah 7 and Mary 4 and William Bowman 30 asst collier, South Side
1841 Census:  in household of John Bowman 35 asst collier and Margaret 25 and Margaret 1, Hannah Best 55 ag lab born out of county – next door to Jane Best
1841 Census:  William Shaw 25 weaver, Elizabeth 30 and James Best 13 weaver,  Ann Best 11 and Margaret 8, on East Side

‘Stokesley News & Cleveland Reporter’ 1 May 1843: 
At the North Riding Sessions, Jane Best was convicted of stealing two flannel petticoats, from the garden hedge of the prosecutor, John Hammond, at Enterpen, in the summer of 1841.  Sentenced to three months imprisonment, with hard labour.

1851 Census:  Enterpen:  Hannah Best widow 65 seamstress b Norwich and daughter Margaret 18 house servant b Hutton Rudby
1851 Census:  Jane Best is not in the household of William Bowman, who is described as single, and the three children listed in the transcript as Mary, Maria and William – it seems likely that Mary was in fact Hannah.  Jane may have died later in the year - if the burial entry for Catherine Best on 5 Dec 1851 has the wrong name.

The 1861 Census shows William Best still in the household of William Bowman, and then aged 14.  He seems to have married Dorothy Ridley in 1868, and they were living in Kays Yard at the 1871 Census.  At the time of the 1881 Census, William was lodging with the family of a Hutton Rudby-born widow in Brixton Street, Middlesbrough, and working as an ironworks labourer;  his wife and five children remained in Hutton Rudby.
For details of James Best cf Shaw, and for details of Martin Best cf Richardson.

The parish registers show that there was at least one other Best family – Thomas and Mary, who had children born in 1816 and 1819 – and it is difficult to identify some of the entries. 
The Best daughters had illegitimate children before marrying:  Maria had Martin in 1834 before her marriage to John Bowman in 1838;  Ann had Harriet in 1838 before her marriage to George Dickinson in 1840;  and Elizabeth had James in 1828, and probably Ann in 1831 and Margaret in 1833 (both girls are listed under the surname Best in her household in the 1841 census, although the PR transcript gives their mother’s name as Hannah) – she admitted at Goldsborough’s trial in 1840 to having two children before her marriage to William Shaw.  Jane had at least 3 children, probably with William Bowman.
Elizabeth and Jane Best are known to have gone to prison, on at least two occasions – Elizabeth for stealing geese at some point before 1840, and Jane Best in 1843 for stealing two flannel petticoats.

Perhaps the criticism of Hutton Rudby’s morals by Ord refers at least in part to the Best women, who had featured prominently in the reporting of Robert Goldsborough’s trial.  They may have been considered as typifying Hutton Rudby, as far as the inhabitants of Stokesley were concerned. 


The name Bewick appears first in the register in 1760, with the baptism of Susannah

16 Oct 1760:  Susannah Bewick, daughter of George, bap at HR parish church – but she was apparently a Catholic, possibly of a mixed marriage.

It appears that George Bewick had three children – James, Sarah and Susannah. 

A Robert Bewick, who married Ann Dent in 1774, is described in the transcript as buried in 1810 aged 55 – this means that on their marriage Robert was aged 19 and Ann 36.  If the transcript is correct, it is possible that Robert was also a child of George;  if the transcript is wrong, he was perhaps George’s brother.  George’s wife may have been Sarah, who died in 1806 aged 82.

23 Nov 1774:  Robert Bewick married Ann Dent [witnesses:  William Smith, James Bewick]
Robert and Ann Bewick’s daughter Jane was baptised in 1776 and Sarah in 1778, then

1778:  Mary Bewick, possibly Susannah’s sister, married William Smith.  Their daughter Susannah was baptised at Crathorne Catholic Church in 1778, and had an illegitimate baby herself baptised there in 1805.

10 Sep 1780:  George Bewick, son of Robert, bap at HR

17 Feb 1782:  James Bewick, son of George, aged 33 buried;  cordwainer, died of dropsy

27 May 1783:  Susannah Bewick, dau of George Bewick, married Reuben Bainbridge [witnesses:  William Calvert, William Smith].  Their sons were baptised at HR in 1784, 1786 and 1788.  Their daughters Susannah and Sarah were baptised at the Catholic church at Crathorne in 1790 and 1792
21 Jul 1783:  Sarah Bewick 26 married John Sadler 28 weaver [witnesses:  John Eland, William Smith]

19 Mar 1805:  Sarah Bewick married John Douglass [witnesses:  Thos ?, Wm Seamoor, Anthony Smith, Geo Christal, Geo Bewick, J Sleigh, John Armstrong].  They had a large family.

12 Jun 1807:  Martha Kay, daughter of Elizabeth, baptised – her father was George Bewick, and her parents married four years later
12 Mar 1809:  Matthew Kay, son of Elizabeth, baptised – this is presumably the boy later known as Matthew Bewick (qv)
11 Feb 1811:  George Bewick married Elizabeth Kay [witnesses:  John Brown, John Howe, Robert Codling, John Cook, Robt Cook, John Jackson]
18 Jul 1811:  Ann Bewick, daughter of George, baptised

George, Elizabeth and Ann Bewick all appear in the 1836 Wesleyan Methodist class lists.
George Bewick was a linen manufacturer [1823 Baines and 1840 Whites]

early Aug 1830:  George Bewick was parish constable, and in this capacity called on Robert Goldsbrough to question him about the disappearance of Huntley:  “Bewick said, ‘Goldey, here is strange reports about Huntley, what hast thou really done with him?’ …”.  On the second visit, Bewick “said to the prisoner, ‘Now, really tell us what thou hast done with Huntley?’ …” [Yorkshire Gazette 12 Mar 1842] 

Tithe Map:  George Bewick owned and occupied a house, garden and garth at the bottom of North End; still owned by his descendants

11 Jun 1838:  William Sherwood 35 butcher, son of John Sherwood, farmer, married Martha Kay 31, daughter of George Bewick, linen manufacturer [witnesses:  Henry Bainbridge, Matthew Bewick]

6 Oct 1840:  Jane [transcript – in fact, Ann] Bewick 28, daughter of George Bewick, linen manufacturer, married John Imeson 21 shoemaker, son of John Imeson, shoemaker [witnesses:  William Douglass, Matthew Bewick]

1841 Census:  George Bewick 60 linen weaver, Elizabeth 55 and Matthew 30 linen weaver, with John Wanlas 15 linen weaver apprentice born out of county, and with Jane Sherwood 2, North End
1851 Census:  North End:  George Bewick widower 70 linen manufacturer employing 12 hands and son Matthew single 42 also linen manufacturer; with servant Isabella Sidgwick 25 house servant;  all b Hutton

The headstones for the family are nos. 326 and 399:  George d1868 a?; Elizabeth d1850 a67; Matthew d1870 a62
George Bewick bur 9 Sep 1868 a87 [NBI]


‘Stokesley News & Cleveland Reporter’, 1 Jul 1844:
Deaths:  On Monday, June 10th, at Hutton Rudby, Susan, the infant daughter of Thomas Biggens, aged 1 year

1851 Census:  North End:  Mary Biggins single 22 weaver’s daughter, brother Thomas 19 handloom weaver linen, Seymour 12 winder, and Sarah 11


“Biltons Charity” returns relating to the school appear in Barlow’s Notebook for 1862-74



1841 Census:  seven smiths and two apprentices:  Richard Raney, John Raney, John Harrison, James Gears, John Morris, Robert Cowell, James Bainbridge, Robert Simpson, James Petty
1851 Census:  four smiths:  James Gears, Robert Cowell, Thomas Stockdale, William George Walton
1861 Census:  three smiths:  Robert Cowell, Thomas Stockdale, Edwin Middlemas
1871 Census:  six smiths:  Thomas Stockdale, Mark Wood, John Pearson, William Hammond, Joseph Hunt, James Blakey
1881 Census:  five smiths:  Mark Wood, John Wood, William Souter snr, William Souter jnr, John W Pearson

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